Friday, April 27, 2012

FLASHBACK TO THE 50s (PART V)
NAYA DAUR (1957)


During the first national elections in the early fifties as crowds cheered Nehru  with Pandit Nehru Zindabad, he would stop them and urge them to say Naya Hindustan Zindabad instead. In tune with the times, it is this Naya Hindustan that formed the backdrop of many of the 50s and 60s films. The Nehruvian march toward modernity, with mega iron-steel plants and huge dams would come at a huge human cost as the new technology temples of modern India came up on agricultural lands and replaced the labor force with machines. Indian cinema reflected these trends; while Do Bigha Zamin showed the plight of those dispossessed of their agricultural land, Naya Daur's premise was the struggle of human labor against the onslaught of mechanization.

And yet Naya Daur does not pit man against machine or the haves against the have-nots. Indeed, it does not pit anyone against the other (at least ideologically it doesn't). As the protagonist Shankar (played by Dilip Kumar) says to the mill owner "garib ko to bus do waqat ki roti chahiye" and "apki jeb bhi bharti rahe aur gareebon ka pet bhi." And later "humko machine se koi bair nehi."  In short, take the middle path. Keep both man and machine. Above all don't upset the apple cart.

That is not to say that the struggle that forms the plot of the film is irrelevant. Far from it. Naya Daur was probably one of the earliest films that juxtaposed class struggle with mechanization and modernization. That in the march toward progress, benefits from technology would be reaped by the few who could afford it in the first place. The mill owner of Naya Daur for instance.

Over the decades this theme would be taken up by Indian filmmakers, but the best works generally emerged from the world of parallel cinema. A classic film of this genre is Jahnu Barua's Hkhagoroloi Bohu Door (it's a long way to the sea) where an old boatman loses his livelihood when a bridge is built over the river on which he ferries passengers. The talented Barua tackled the subject with immense sensitivity. In the real world many ways of life do go extinct, and Barua did not falter to show the poignancy of the situation.

But Bollywood caters to a more varied taste!

Back to Naya Daur. The film is set in a basti where folks are in complete harmony with the benign landlord, a bespectacled bearded Nasir Hussain in dhoti and chadar, who doubles as a father figure to his subjects. These men are either employed in benign patriarch's mill or drive tongas for a living. No biradaris, unch-nich or jaat-paat. The people eat together, play together, even pray together. The basti thus becomes the microcosm for the Naya Hindustan.



In celebration of the pan Indian ethos running throughout the film, Vyjayanthimala can wear a half saree or thaavani and dance the bhangra. The dress code is a bit strict in the men's apparel section as the rural folks wear dhoti irrespective of their position and wealth, and the city bred are suited booted. But pro-progress suited booted is not necessarily anti-people. So as a foil to the patriarch's son Kundan (played by Jeevan) who swears by progress-via-machines, there is the city journalist Johnnie Walker. If Mr. Journo's appearance and English khitpit does not bother the bastiwalas it is because his dedication to their cause comes as a part of the package.  

The idyllic life in the basti gets a jolt as the landlord's city bred son takes over the reins of the fiefdom. Obsessed with making more profits, he mechanizes his mills and fires his workers. He even gets a bus to drive passengers around, thus putting the tongas out of business. Challenged to a bus vs tonga race from the station to the temple, Shankar, the leader of the tongawalahs accepts and together with his people builds a short road with a bridge to the temple to win the race. Through all this he has the support of his lady love Vyjayanthimala, who not only lifts the first pail of mud on her head but also puts her own life on line and throws away the stick of dynamite that was intended to destroy the bridge.

But it was funny to see the lady's delicate hands (manicured nails, beautifully designed bangles et al) pick a bucket of shoveled earth and balance it on her dainty head.   


Being part of mainstream cinema there is obviously no room to address the complexities and conflicts of class and modernization. It would be interestingly to see how these hierarchies intersect. Although the villagers are not the silent suffering types and do rise to the challenge, it is only inasmuch as their livelihood is at stake. Unfortunately an understanding of their collective power  dawning on them is never explored. I know this is no place for comparisons but one is reminded of the Naseer character in the last scene of Manthan, where he gleeful proclaims "sosoty aapni hai" (the cooperative society belongs to us); this after realizing that the cooperative society belonged to him and others and not to the shahari babus.
  
No such fate awaits the bastiwalahs here. Nowhere is their love for status quo more evident as when the statue of a goddess (Maa to the villagers) is found buried in the road construction path. For all the talk of a new order, the villagers fear a curse and change the course of the road. Shankar does protest but the elders prevail. So much for the Naya order!!

16 Comments:

Anonymous Anonymous said...

We accommodate all kinds of piercing rank s that go about a find in a difference of styles, colors and sizes at wholesale price.All [url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/wedding-dresses/]wedding dresses[/url]
[url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/cheap-prom-dresses/]prom dress[/url]
[url=http://www.g-marrybridal.com/mother-of-the-bride-dresses/]Mother of the Bride Dresses[/url]
are sale-priced with up to the minute styles compound apparels including originator combining scold, coast combining dresses, marriage gowns, bridesmaids dresses, prom outfits, flower gal dresses & nurse dresses.Even we can accommodate the services of on the loose weight customization and manumitted together with measure Purchase affordable astonishing compounding dresses now!lift avid shopping, accouter faultlessly exchange for the big nuptials with the labourers of G-marry bridal.


http://www.g-marrybridal.com/

2:03 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Everybody wants to help make their own fashion statement, and you can actually use the countless desirable items of clothes available today. Use the suggestions in this article to determine which your fashion must say of you, and tips on how to achieve the look you would like together with your garments choices.

If you are intending to your evening formal function, then this black color go well with is a wonderful option.[url=http://www.cheapuggukbootssale.co.uk/ugg-bailey-button-c-4.html]cheap Ugg Bailey Button[/url] Nevertheless, an occasion within the mid-day or the middle of-time requires easier colours. Men and women putting on black color during the day are generally undertakers, priests, key substances or memorial participants. In case you are not striving at this particular persona you then need to prevent black suits from the daytime.

Put on era proper apparel. It's anything some ladies don't wish to let go of, but there arrives a period when a super-brief skirt is not really complementing.[url=http://www.cheapuggukbootssale.co.uk/ugg-cardy-gloves-c-15.html]cheap Ugg Cardy Gloves[/url] Be aware of the way your clothing established you off of via all steps in your life, and it will surely serve you nicely. The great thing is that you have some clothing that appear to be wonderful on more aged ladies that youthful girls can't pull off, so there exists constantly some thing modern to look ahead to.

One tee shirt weekly may add up over time. It just takes a bit of paying here and there and you can learn how to get lots of clothes that you should use in the future.[url=http://www.cheapuggukbootssale.co.uk/ugg-fingerless-gloves-c-16.html]cheap Ugg Fingerless Gloves[/url] Be patient as well as in time you will build a fantastic selection of clothing.

A technique to ensure that you look wonderful is to locate a certain cut or company that fits you nicely and buy multiples from it.[url=http://www.cheapuggukbootssale.co.uk/ugg-women-slippers-c-18.html]cheap Ugg Women Slippers[/url] This is important due to the fact you will not generally find that excellent attire, particularly if are shopping at the last second. Get a couple of of the same color even, in the event it gets damaged by some means.

Your design should show around the globe what kind of particular person you happen to be, however it ought not shout the message. Maintain your type under consideration when you shop and collect the items you must create it. Make use of the tips in this post, and place jointly a wardrobe that mirrors your individuality and magnificence.[url=http://www.cheapuggukbootssale.co.uk/ugg-cardy-gloves-c-15.html]cheap Ugg Cardy Gloves[/url]

1:54 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

cheap lhPHOvzb [URL=]burberry sunglasses[/URL] to your friends DDPfmAIE [URL= ] [/URL]

12:13 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

get cheap krFhCKmL [URL=]replica designer handbags[/URL] with low price QXUoPySN [URL= ] [/URL]

12:22 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

you love this? AljJHOTH [URL=http://www.hermes-birkin-price.weebly.com/ - hermes replica handbags[/URL - to get new coupon OxkSYBBd [URL=http://www.hermes-birkin-price.weebly.com/ - http://www.hermes-birkin-price.weebly.com/ [/URL -

12:48 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

There is definately a lot to know about this subject.
I really like all of the points you have made.

my site make money from home

5:12 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Thanks , I've recently been looking for info about this topic for a long time and yours is the best I have found out till now. However, what concerning the bottom line? Are you positive concerning the source?

Also visit my homepage; Home income kit reviews

3:05 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

There's definately a lot to learn about this issue. I like all the points you've made.


Also visit my website; Power Precision Muscle

5:11 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

It's awesome for me to have a site, which is good designed for my experience. thanks admin

Here is my web blog Pay day loan lenders

9:23 AM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

ninest123 12.16
louis vuitton handbags, ray ban sunglasses, longchamp outlet, prada outlet, uggs outlet, louis vuitton outlet, uggs outlet, ray ban sunglasses, michael kors outlet online, christian louboutin, tiffany jewelry, ralph lauren outlet, tiffany jewelry, oakley sunglasses, gucci handbags, uggs on sale, prada handbags, nike free, nike air max, christian louboutin, louboutin uk, nike outlet, oakley sunglasses, michael kors outlet, replica watches, tory burch outlet, longchamp bags, burberry factory outlet, louis vuitton, cheap oakley sunglasses, burberry outlet, louboutin shoes, michael kors, uggs on sale, ray ban sunglasses, nike air max, replica watches, cheap jordans, longchamp outlet, michael kors outlet online, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, michael kors handbags, oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet online, uggs on sale, michael kors outlet online, ralph lauren polo

9:53 PM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

nike tn pas cher, burberry pas cher, nike roshe run pas cher, coach outlet store online, michael kors outlet online, jordan pas cher, sac guess pas cher, new balance, nike roshe uk, michael kors uk, abercrombie and fitch, nike air max uk, hollister uk, michael kors, nike air max uk, coach purses, lunette ray ban pas cher, timberland pas cher, longchamp soldes, ray ban uk, vans pas cher, true religion outlet, north face uk, abercrombie and fitch UK, vanessa bruno pas cher, nike free, north face pas cher, polo ralph lauren uk, true religion outlet, lunette oakley pas cher, lululemon outlet, mulberry uk, longchamp pas cher, ralph lauren pas cher, nike trainers uk, michael kors, true religion outlet, nike air max, nike blazer pas cher, converse, replica handbags, louboutin pas cher, hermes pas cher, hogan sito ufficiale, polo lacoste pas cher, nike air max pas cher, true religion jeans, nike air force, nike free pas cher

9:57 PM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

timberland boots, insanity workout, iphone 6s cases, oakley, softball bats, babyliss pro, iphone 6s plus cases, hollister clothing, hermes handbags, salvatore ferragamo, louboutin, gucci, hollister, beats by dre, valentino shoes, abercrombie and fitch, herve leger, iphone 5s cases, wedding dresses, ray ban, soccer jerseys, polo ralph lauren, instyler ionic styler, mac cosmetics, iphone cases, new balance shoes, vans scarpe, nike air max, nfl jerseys, celine handbags, soccer shoes, bottega veneta, vans outlet, nike air max, s6 cases, ghd hair, north face outlet, giuseppe zanotti, mcm handbags, mont blanc, nike roshe run, p90x workout, chi flat iron, asics running shoes, iphone 6 cases, reebok outlet, lululemon outlet, iphone 6 plus cases, converse, north face outlet, ipad cases, jimmy choo outlet

10:01 PM  
Blogger ninest123 Ninest said...

sac louis vuitton, canada goose outlet, montre pas cher, louis vuitton uk, marc jacobs, juicy couture outlet, converse shoes outlet, sac louis vuitton, moncler, canada goose, moncler uk, moncler, moncler, canada goose jackets, canada goose, barbour, juicy couture outlet, moncler jackets, barbour jackets uk, moncler outlet, louis vuitton, replica watches, karen millen uk, moncler pas cher, moncler, ugg pas cher, pandora jewelry, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, supra shoes, hollister, swarovski uk, canada goose pas cher, links of london uk, pandora jewelry, lancel, doke & gabbana, canada goose jackets, thomas sabo uk, louis vuitton, canada goose uk, bottes ugg pas cher, canada goose outlet, coach outlet, pandora charms, swarovski jewelry, wedding dresses uk, ugg uk, toms shoes, pandora uk, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia
ninest123 12.16

10:03 PM  
Blogger Yoko Hao said...

kickfit |
boxing | vo tu ve | kick boxing | Quyen Thai | muay thái | võ gậy arnis
học muay thái ở hà nội | lớp học boxing cho nữ tại hà nội | học võ tự vệ tại hà nội | kick boxing hà nội | kickfiness

2:51 AM  
Blogger mmo hao said...

Hat is 100% brushed cotton with our unique design the front.This light soft hat can be packed away easily making it the ideal hat for vacation travel and all times when you want to keep the sun off of your beautiful face
petty hat |
cactus hat | papi hat

3:35 AM  
Blogger عبده العمراوى said...

شركة قمة الدقة للخدمات المنزلية
شركة صيانة مسابح بالدمام
شركة مكافحة حشرات ببقيق

9:45 PM  

Post a Comment

Links to this post:

Create a Link

<< Home